Comments and Conclusions

• The RAPDx can objectively detect and quantify pupillary defects which are invisible to standard examiner observations.
• Traditional assessment (of pupils and visual fields) in neurological disorders is sometimes inadequate.
• In some cases, genetic testing is helpful for arriving at a specific diagnosis.
• GCC, VER and RAPDx can often supplement the traditional exam and reveal structural and functional abnormalities that otherwise would be missed.