1. D. Vavva. N. Huynh, L. Pasquele. E.L Berson. Progressive hydrochloroquine toxicity mimicking low-tension glaucoma after discontinuation of the drug. Acta Ophthalmologica. 2008
  2. J. Sherman, L.A. Yannuzzi, RJ Madonna, S. Nath, Y. Bababekova. Photoreceptor Integrity Line as Revealed by Spectral Domain OCT. Dec. 2008; Available at
  3. J.S Lyons, M.L Severns. Using multifocal ERG ring ratios to detect and follow Plaquenil retinal toxicity: a review.Doc Ophthalmology 2009; 118: 29-36

Suggested Reading:

  • Gradual Loss of Vision. Wei Liu. Sanjay Sharma. Canadian Family Physician 2005; 51(5): 671-680
  • High-Speed Ultra-High Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy. Julio A. Rodrigucz-Padilla, Thomas R. Hedges III, Bryan Monson, et al.. Archives of Ophthalmology 2007:125 (6): 775-780
  • Ocular Toxicity of Hydroxychloroquine. AKH Kwok. Hong Kong Medical Journal 2006; 12: 294-304
  • Chloroquine-lnduced Bull’s Eye Macoiopathy. WWW Lai. Hong Kong Medical Journal 2005; 11: 55-57
  • ERG Findings in Patients Using Hydroxychloroquine. Radouil T. Tzekov, Alexandra Serrato, Michael F.Marmor. Documcnta Ophthalmologica 2004; 108: 87-97