References (cont'd) Kimmel AS, Magargal LE, Stephens RF, et al. Peripheral circumferential retinal scatter photocoagulation for the treatment of proliferative sickle retinopathy. An update. Ophthalmology 1986;93:1429-34 Moriarty BJ, Acheson RW, Condon PI, Serjeant GR. Patterns of visual loss in untreated sickle cell retinopathy. Eye (Lond).1988;2(Pt 3):330-5 Siqueira RC, Costa RA, Scott IU, et al.
References Clarkson JG. The ocular manifestations of sickle cell disease: a prevalence and natural history. Tr Am Ophth Soc 1992;90:481-504 Condon PI, Serjeant GR. Photocoagulation in proliferative sickle cell retinopathy: results of a 5 year study. Br J Ophthalmol 1980;64;832:40 Condon PI, Serjeant GR. Ocular findings in hemoglobin SC in Jamaica. Am J Ophthalmol
Acknowledgments Sanjeev Nath Richard Madonna Sherry Bass Sarah Maclver Sheikh M. Hossain Special Acknowledgment Jeremy Whitney
Elena Zaharova, OD Dr. Elena Zaharova is currently an Ocular Disease Resident at SUNY State College of Optometry. Having graduated from University of Massachusetts with summa cum laude, she attained her Doctor of Optometry degree from the New England College of Optometry. As a student, Elena spent the summer 2007 studying dispensing optics
Vincent Giovinazzo, MD Vincent Giovinazzo, MD is the Medical Director of Ophthalmology at the Staten Island University Hospital. He is also an associate clinical professor at the State University of New York College of Optometry and is a member of the prestigious NY Vitreo Retinal Macula (VRM) group in Manhattan. Dr. Giovinazzo completed
Jerome Sherman, OD, FAAO Jerome Sherman, O.D., is perhaps optometry's most prolific writer, publishing over 650 clinical articles, research manuscripts, book chapters and two CDs. He is senior author of three books that were published in 2007, and has delivered over three thousand lectures both nationally and internationally. He has served as a contributing
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Comments and Conclusions Sickle cell disease is one of the most common genetic diseases worldwide. It is most frequently seen in the African-American population. Sickle cell anemia (SS) is much more severe systemically; however patients have mild ocular manifestations. Sickle cell C disease (SC), though less severe systemically, is associated with severe retinopathy1-5. Spontaneous
Optos® Fluorescein Angiography Optomap® fa Dynamic Ultra-widefield Angiography Case 8 It is well recognized that FA reveals select abnormalities that are not visible with ophthalmoscopy or fundus photography. Optos® FA has the advantage of viewing virtually the entire fundus at once and reveals findings typically missed with standard FA. This is an example
Optos® Fluorescein Angiography Optos® fluorescein is a non-contact method of panoramic ophthalmoscopy which allows visualization of up to 200 degrees or 82% of the retina in a single capture. Optos® FA goes well beyond the 7 to 8 standard fields using fundus photography13.